Hello my name is K H Ng and I’m vice president of Kechara. I also guide the pujas in Kechara and conduct Dharma classes. My guru is His Eminence Tsem Tulku Rinpoche. Today I would like to share the mantra recitation for the Dorje Shugden prayers.
First of all, mantra are sacred verbalised formula to enact protection and transformation of the mind. Buddhas can emanate into various forms and also manifest in the form of sound. Therefore mantras of the various Yidams and Dharma Protectors are recited to invoke their blessings and protective qualities.
We use a mala of 108 beads like this as a counter. 100 beads are for the usual number we count and the 8 extra beads are to make up for any mistake we make because sometimes we mispronounce unintentionally and sometimes we skip or miss a bead so the 8 extra beads are to make up for that. It can be of any material. Certain practices require certain different types of mala and then certain practices require you to use your left hand or the right hand and which finger but generally for us we just use any hand we like and any finger but for auspicious reasons, when we do the higher tantric practices which are very profound, if you do the Mother Tantra, then you use the left hand like this. If you do the Father Tantra, you use the right hand. For peaceful activities to require peaceful abilities, peaceful forms or power and clairvoyance, you use your index finger. If you want to increase wealth, increase knowledge, increase harmony, you want to increase prosperity in that area, you will use your second finger. So if you recite it like that with the particular mantra and meditation, it will increase because we have wind channels here. Certain things in your mind that help you go to that direction, that open up things in that direction and then if you want to do controlling activities, controlling spirits, exorcism, stopping negativities, then we use the third finger. The third finger is the control aspect. It will gain you the power to control certain situations, to be of benefit of others. And then last but not least is when all three methods fail, you have to use wrath or ferocity. Wrathful methods, you use the last finger. This is wrath, this is controlling the situation around you and you do the particular mantras.
When we recite the mantras we pull the mala towards us. We pull the mala towards us like this at the heart level. Concentrate and we pull the beads towards us. When we finish the entire 108 beads of the mala, we reach the guru bead. This is nothing sacred, we just skip over it, it’s just a marker, some people turn it around, it is not necessary. We just continue. Also recite the mantra so that you can hear the sound of the mantra yourself. Not too loud but it cannot be silent but you should also not be so loud as to disturb others if you do the mantras in a group or disturb the neighbours.
Dorje Shugden’s mantra has 2 authentic variations. The first variation is,
OM BENZA WIKI WITRANA SOHA
Witrana with a W which descends from Kyabje Trijang Rinpoche’s lineage.
The other is,
OM BENZA WIKI BITANA SOHA
Bitana with a B which descends from Kyabje Zong Rinpoche’s lineage
Both variations are valid pronunciations of the mantra and one should recite according to the lineage of one’s preceptor, from whom one received the oral transmission of the mantra.
For this video, we will use Kyabje Zong Rinpoche’s version which is ‘Om Benza Wiki Bitana Soha’.
The first syllable ‘Om’ refers to the physical aspect of Dorje Shugden. Therefore the recitation of this syllable is likened to calling upon Dorje Shugden. The second syllable of ‘Benza’ or ‘Vajra’, represents Dorje Shugden’s true adamantine nature which is the union of bliss and emptiness of Je Tsongkhapa and of all the other Buddhas. The subsequent 5 Sanskrit syllables ‘Wiki Bitana’ symbolises the 5 attainments for pacification, increase, control, wrathful methods and supremacy. Finally the last syllable ‘Soha’, is a request to bestow these qualities on the practitioners. Therefore the mantra is a request to Dorje Shugden.
O Dorje Shugden, please bestow the pacifying, increasing, controlling, wrathful and supreme attainments.
Next we go through the visualisation that we need to do during the mantra recitations. Visualisation for tantric initiates, we start by visualising that we are transformed into any one of the Yidams of the 4 classes of Tantra. This is why the Yidam sadhanna is usually performed prior to the prayers of Dorje Shugden. However in order to visualise one’s self as the Yidam, the practitioners must have already received the appropriate initiations. Visualisation for non-initiates, one should visualise Lama Tsongkhapa resting on top of their head. In this instance, practitioners should perform Lama Tsongkhapa’s Gaden Lhagyama or Guru Yoga, prior to the prayers of Dorje Shugden.
We then visualise Dorje Shugden in front of us, an arm’s length away. An arm’s length away, similar to visualising Buddha or Tsongkhapa during other meditations. Surrounding him are emanations in the peaceful, increase, control and wrathful forms. We should visualise and believe strongly that Dorje Shugden is one with our guru. This is very important and one should have great faith in this.
Next we visualise lights going out from Dorje Shugden, materialising various offerings to all the Buddhas in the 10 directions. After that, lights flow back into the syllable ‘Hung’ that rests at the heart of Dorje Shugden, the central deity. Surrounding the syllable ‘Hung’ is Dorje Shugden’s main mantra, ‘Om Benza Wiki Bitana Soha’ that moves clockwise around the syllable. The syllable ‘Hung’ is Dorje Shugden’s seed syllable and it represents his awakened mind. Some of the lights branch of and strike the ‘Hung’ syllables at the heart of Dorje Shugden’s other emanations. This includes Shize, or Vairocana Shugden, who rides upon a gentle elephant and has a white mantra garland moving in a clockwise motion around the syllable ‘Hung’ at his heart. And Gyenze, or Ratna Shugden, who rides a divine palomino horse and has a yellow mantra garland moving in a clockwise motion around the syllable ‘Hung’ at his heart. Next we have Wangse, or Pema Shugden, who rides a turquoise dragon and has a red mantra garland moving in a clockwise motion around the syllable ‘Hung’ at his heart. And Trakze, Karma Shugden, who rides a powerful Garuda and has a dark red mantra garland moving in a clockwise motion around the syllable ‘Hung’ at his heart.
From the heart of the 5 emanations of Dorje Shugden, the corresponding light colours flows forth and enters the crown of your head, filling your body with bright golden wisdom light and blessing you. This is a request to Dorje Shugden to perform the pacifying, increasing, controlling and wrathful activities. During this time, you can also visualise your body being healed and your mind gaining the power to easily understand the Dharma and gaining attainments. You should also visualise your prayers and requests being fulfilled by Dorje Shugden.
We then start the mantra recitation and we start the mantra recitation by reciting the following verse.
From the heart syllable of
myself visualised as the Yidam,
Light rays emanate.
They strike the HUM syllables
And surrounding mantra garlands
Which matching each deity
In colour, stand upon the sun seats
At the hearts of Dharmapala
Gyalchen Shugden’s five fierce
Families, exhorting them, without
Choice, to perform whatever
Desired peaceful, increasing,
Powerful, or wrathful activity,
Now depending on whether one is praying for health, wealth or a combination of Siddhis, one should recite 3 malas of the corresponding mantra and 7 times of the other 2 mantras. The main mantra to attain a combination of Siddhis is,
OM BENZA WIKI BITANA SOHA
I repeat, OM BENZA WIKI BITANA SOHA.
This is the mantra for us to gain the conditions to practice our Dharma well. To gain and accumulate all types of Siddhis.
The mantra for healing when we are sick and we need health and the ability to practice the Dharma and to heal others, we recite,
OM BENZA WIKI BITANA SHANTI SIDDHI HUNG
Mantra for wealth. We need to gain wealth to create the conditions for us to be able to practice the Dharma. We recite,
OM BENZA WIKI BITANA SOHA
TSESO PALJOR LONG CHO
THAMCHED PUTRIM KURU OM
And then we recite Dorje Shugden’s entourage mantra after we have recited the 3 types of mantra.
OM DHARMAPALA MAHA RADZA
BENDZA BEGAWAN RUDRA PANTSA
KULA SARVA SHATRUM MARAYA
Having recited however many mantras with the successful visualisations, finally we recite the 100 syllable mantras.
OM BENZASATTO SAMAYA
DIDRO MAY BHAWA
SUTO KAYO MAY BHAWA
SUPO KAYO MAY BHAWA
ANU RAKTO MAY BHAWA
SARWA SIDDHI ME PAR YATSA
SARWA KARMA SUT TSA ME
TISHTAM SHRRIYAM KURU HUM
HA HA HA HA HO
BHAGAWAN SARWA TATAGATA
BENZA MA WAY MUN TSA
BENZA BHAWA MAHA
AH HUM PHET
There are additional mantras of Dorje Shugden for requesting different activities. Dorje Shugden’s mantra for health, for long life, increasing life, healing of disease and protection from diseases.
OM BENZA WIKI BITANA AYU SIDDHI HUNG
Dorje Shugden’s mantra for increase, for gaining great merits and increase of all necessary needs, both material and spiritual.
OM BENZA WIKI BITANA PUNYE SIDDHI HUNG
Dorje Shugden’s mantra for control, for control of worldly deities, negative people and nagas and for influencing friends towards the positive.
OM BENZA WIKI BITANA WASHAM KURU HO
Dorje Shugden’s mantra for destruction, for destruction of obstacles and inner and outer enemies.
OM BENZA WIKI BITANA SHATRUM MARAYA PHET
Dorje Shugden’s mantra for obtaining all Siddhis,
OM BENZA WIKI BITANA SIDDHI PALA HO
Dorje Shugden’s mantra for obtaining all attainments supra-mundane
OM BENZA WIKI BITANA SARWA SIDDHI PALA HO
Dorje Shugden’s mantra to grant protection. Visualise that you are in the Protector’s mandala, fully protected from outside interferences, recite when in danger or for dangerous situations. For protection while travelling or while residing in dangerous, hostile places.
OM BENZA WIKI BITANA RAKYA RAKYA HUNG
No we have the Dorje Shugden’s minister’s mantra. Kache Marpo’s mantra,
OM SHRI DHARMAPALA HUNG PHET
Namkar Barzin’s mantra,
OM BIYADA PAR DHARMA DARA SOHA
Apart from reciting these mantras during the prayers, we can also recite the mantra while we are relaxing, perhaps watching TV or sitting on the sofa. We can recite it anywhere actually, except in the restroom. The posture for recitation, normally we would, if possible, do the full Vajra posture or the half Vajra posture or on a cross legged posture. If we cannot sit on the floor, we can actually sit on a comfortable chair. If we can sit on the floor, we can sit with our back straight and our eyes focused at a 45 degree, looking down, half closed and we can focus better that way. For those with back problems, it is highly recommended that we have a smaller cushion to straighten our back, then we can sit on the smaller cushion and straighten our back.
In summary, mantra recitation and especially the Dorje Shugden’s mantra is very powerful to alleviate our mind’s problems and any physical problems actually. Depending on the situation, we choose the mantra that can help that particular situation but in our daily sadhanna, we can actually do the main mantra however many times that we decide and as recommended by your guru.
Personally I would recommend this mantra to be chanted as many times as we can on a daily basis. For me, my experience is that the main mantra of ‘Om Benza Wiki Bitana Soha’ is the most holistic because it actually bestows upon us, all the qualities that we need to have a very fruitful and stable Dharma practice.